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Odisha renewable energy policy, 2022

Odisha renewable energy policy, 2022

Last Updated: November 30, 2022

Odisha Renewable Energy Policy

Climate change is the most pressing issue of present times. Mitigating the risks of climate
change requires urgent action at all levels and there is a need for concerted efforts to
support the global action against climate change. Decarbonisation of the energy sector will
be a key component of our actions for climate protection.
This Policy envisions to establish a robust framework that can enable Odisha to undertake
an inclusive journey towards energy transition through higher adoption of renewable
energy (RE) in our power system. Apart from power sector, it is also required to have
parallel and concerted measures around electric mobility, green buildings, low carbon or
carbon-free agricultural practices, industrial & mining activities .
Odisha is endowed with vast and largely untapped renewable energy potential. Although
the techno-commercial viability of the entire potential capacity needs to be ascertained, a
large part of the potential can be brought to life with proper technology, Policy and
Regulatory framework and market mechanism. With RE becoming commercially viable
and growing trend towards adoption of low carbon and sustainable ways of development,
citizens and businesses are now focused on RE to meet their energy needs.
As per the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) submitted to United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), India stands committed to reduce
Emissions Intensity of its GDP by 45 percent by 2030, from 2005 level and generate about
50 percent of electricity from non-fossil sources by 2030.
Odisha is among the leading industrialised states in the country and a continuous increase
in energy demand from all sectors is expected in the years to come. There is clear
demand for RE from the DISCOMs and the industries due to RPO and Net Zero
commitments. It is desirable that these obligated entities meet most of their RE
requirement from projects developed inside the State. Hence, the Government
has formulated a new RE Policy to facilitate development of commercially viable projects
across multiple RE technologies within the State both for captive and open access
The Government through this Policy aims to encourage State sector power utilities to foray
into RE development in multiple technologies, apart from enabling participation from
private sector and Central PSUs.
As Industries and Governments embark upon the journey of energy transition, it is
essential to ensure that the transition is ‘just’. Proper training will be required for the youth
and working population to take up jobs in RE sector. The Policy aims to create skilled
and semi-skilled manpower for the RE sector.
With this primary objective to create an enabling environment for harnessing maximum
potential of Renewable Energy in the State through Government, private sector and
individual efforts, the Odisha Renewable Energy Policy 2022 has been developed.
1. Vision
To harness the renewable energy (RE) potential of Odisha and accelerate investment in
the RE sector for ensuring energy security, promoting socio-economic growth and
protecting the environment.
2. Objectives
The Policy aims to achieve following objectives: –
A. To accelerate adoption of clean energy alternatives and decarbonize the energy
sector which includes both grid-based electricity consumption and captive
consumption of industrial consumers in the State
B. To harness the clean energy potential of the State and make best use of the
available resources by facilitating development of green energy projects in the State
C. To attract investment in the clean energy sector, create job opportunities and
develop the State economy
D. To facilitate R&D and promote new initiatives & emerging RE technologies in the
3. Legal Framework
The legal basis for this Policy inter alia includes the following:
1. The Electricity Act, 2003 (“ the Act”) & the Rules made thereunder.
Section 86(1)(e) of the Act mandates State Electricity Regulatory Commissions (SERCs)
to promote generation of electricity from renewable sources of energy.
2. Tariff Policy notified by Ministry of Power, Government of India.
4. Policy period
The Policy shall come into operation with effect from the date of its publication in the
Official Gazette of the State and shall remain in force till 31st March 2030 or until a new
policy is announced by the State Government.
This Policy will be evaluated on regular basis to assess its impact, and to ensure inclusion
of any new RE technology/guidelines of Government of India (GoI)/Government of Odisha
(GoO) that may evolve during the Policy period.
The Government of Odisha may amend/modify/ review this Policy as and when deemed
5. Scope of the Policy
A. All large hydro, small hydro, ground mounted solar, roof top solar, floating solar,
canal top solar, wind, biomass, energy storage (including pumped storage hydro,
battery energy storage system), waste-to-energy, green hydrogen/green ammonia
projects or any other renewable energy technology and new initiatives/ pilot projects
commissioned in the State of Odisha during the Policy period shall be guided by
this Policy.
B. Any individual or company or body corporate or association or society or body of
individuals, whether incorporated or not, shall be eligible for setting up Renewable
Energy (RE) projects, either for the purpose of captive use and/or for selling of
electricity to the distribution licensee or third party including under the Renewable
Energy Certificate (REC) mechanism subject to provisions of this Policy and in
accordance with the Electricity Act 2003, as amended from time to time and the
Rules made thereafter.
C. The benefits under this Policy shall not be applicable to projects sanctioned prior to
the date of notification of this Policy or which is commissioned post the policy
period. This Policy also does not cover the projects for which PPAs have already
been signed.Source Link: http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/odisha%20renewable%20energy%20policy%202022.pdf

Energy Conservation (Amendment) Act, 2022

Energy Conservation (Amendment) Act, 2022

Last Updated: December 19, 2022

Energy Conservation

An Act further to amend the Energy Conservation Act, 2001. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Seventy-third Year of the Republic of India as follows:–– 1. (1) This Act may be called the Energy Conservation (Amendment) Act, 2022. (2) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint. Short title and commencement. vl k/kkj.k EXTRAORDINARY Hkkx II — [ k.M1 PART II — Section 1 i zkf/kdkj l s i zdkf’ kr PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY l añ 26] ubZ fnYyh] eaxyokj] fnl Ecj 20] 2022@vxzgk.; 29] 1944 ¼’kd½ No. 26] NEW DELHI, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 20, 2022/AGRAHAYANA 29, 1944 (SAKA) bl Hkkx esa fHkUu i `”B l a[ ; k nh t krh gS ft l l s fd ; g vyx l adyu ds : i esa j[ kk t k l dsA Separate paging is given to this Part in order that it may be filed as a separate compilation. xxxGIDHxxx xxxGIDExxx jft LVªh l añ Mhñ , yñ—(, u)04@0007@2003—22 REGISTERED NO. DL—(N)04/0007/2003—22 MINISTRY OF LAW AND JUSTICE (Legislative Department) New Delhi, the 20th December, 2022/Agrahayana 29, 1944 (Saka) The following Act of Parliament received the assent of the President on the 19th December, 2022 and is hereby published for general information:— सी.जी.-डी.एल.-अ.-20122022-241246 CG-DL-E-20122022-241246 2 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II— 2. In section 2 of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001 (hereinafter referred to as the principal Act),–– (i) for clause (c), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:–– ‘(c) “building” means any structure or erection or part of structure or erection–– (i) constructed after the rules relating to energy conservation and sustainable building codes have been notified by the Central Government under clause (p) of section 14 and by the State Government under clause (a) of section 15; (ii) which has a minimum connected load of 100 Kilowatt (kW) or contract demand of 120 Kilovolt Ampere (kVA); and (iii) which is used or intended to be used for commercial purpose or as an office building or for residential purpose: Provided that the State Government may specify a lower connected load or contract demand than the load or demand specified above;’; (ii) after clause (d), the following clauses shall be inserted, namely:–– ‘(da) “carbon credit certificate” means the certificate issued by the Central Government or any agency authorised by it under section 14AA; (db) “carbon credit trading scheme” means the scheme for reduction of carbon emissions notified by the Central Government under clause (w) of section 14;’; (iii) for clause (h), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:–– ‘(h) “energy” means any form of energy derived from fossil fuels or non-fossil sources or renewable sources;’; (iv) after clause (i), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:–– ‘(ia) “energy auditor” means any individual possessing the qualifications prescribed under clause (m) of section 14;’; (v) for clause (j), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:–– ‘(j) “energy conservation and sustainable building code” means the code which provides norms and standards for energy efficiency and its conservation, use of renewable energy and other green building requirements for a building;’; (vi) after clause (q), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:–– ‘(qa) “registered entity” means any entity, including designated consumers, registered for carbon credit trading scheme specified under clause (w) of section 14;’; (vii) after clause (t), the following clauses shall be inserted, namely:— ‘(ta) “vehicle” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (28) of section 2 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988; (tb) “vessel” includes every description of water craft used or capable of being used in inland waters or in coastal waters, including any ship, boat, sailing vessel, tug, barge or other description of vessel including non-displacement craft, amphibious craft, wing-in-ground craft, ferry, roll-on-roll-off vessel, container vessel, tanker vessel, gas carrier or floating Amendment of section 2. 52 of 2001. 59 of 1988. SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 3 unit or dumb vessel used for transportation, storage or accommodation within or through inland waters and coastal waters;’.


Source Link: http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/energy%20conservation%20act%202022.pdf

Central Electricity Regulatory Commission

Central Electricity Regulatory Commission

Last Updated: December 09, 2022

Central Electricity Regulatory Commission

Determination of Fee and Charges payable under Regulation 15 of the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (Terms and Conditions for Recognition and Issuance of Renewable Energy Certificate for Renewable Energy Generation) Regulations, 2022.


The Commission notified the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (Terms and Conditions for Recognition and Issuance of Renewable Energy Certificate for Renewable Energy Generation) Regulations, 2022 (hereinafter referred to as ‘REC Regulations’) on 09.05.2022. By virtue of clause (1) of Regulation 3 of the REC Regulations, this Commission has designated the National Load Despatch Centre as the Central Agency to perform the functions under clause (2). 2. Regulation 3(2) of the REC Regulations provides the functions of the Central Agency as under: i. undertake registration of eligible entities, ii. develop a mechanism for accounting of generation and sale in respect of Certificates; iii. undertake issuance of Certificates, iv. maintain and settle accounts in respect of Certificates, Order in Petition No. 15/SM/2022 Page 2 v. act as repository of transactions in Certificates, vi. maintain Registry of Certificates, vii. perform such other functions incidental to sub-clauses (i) to (vi) of this clause, viii. undertake any other function that may be assigned by the Commission 3. Regulation 15 of the REC Regulations empowers the Commission to determine by order, based on the proposal in this regard from the Central Agency, the fees and charges payable by the eligible entities for participation in the scheme for accreditation, registration, issuance of certificates, and other matters connected therewith. The relevant portion of the REC Regulations is extracted as under: “15. FEES and CHARGES The Commission may, based on the proposal from the Central Agency, determine the fees and charges payable by the eligible entities for accreditation, registration, issuance of Certificates and other matters connected therewith.” 4. In accordance with the above Regulation, the Central Agency submitted a proposal through communication dated 7th October, 2022 for the determination of the fees and charges payable by the eligible entities for accreditation, registration, issuance of certificates and other matters connected therewith. 5. Central Registry in its proposal has highlighted that the expenditure towards Central Agency’s responsibility for REC mechanism is not covered through RLDC Fees and charges and these charges are determined and recovered through separate orders of the Commission from time to time, based on the proposal in this regard from the Central Agency. 6. According to the proposal expenditure likely to be incurred by the Central Agency towards discharging its functions as described in the REC Regulations 2022 can be categorised under the following heads: i. Development of REC Web Application ii. Comprehensive AMC charges of REC Web Application iii. Server co-location charges/ Cloud Server Space charges iv. Expenditure towards Cyber Security Compliance v. Manpower Expenses vi. Legal Expenses Order in Petition No. 15/SM/2022 Page 3 vii. Expenditure towards Compliance Audit viii. Capital Expenditure towards IT infrastructure upgradation ix. Miscellaneous expenses 7. Central Agency has highlighted that a complete upgradation of REC Web application would require conforming the same with the REC Regulations 2022 and would require exclusive expenditure towards Cyber Security infrastructure and audit compliance to comply with Government of India’s thrust towards Cyber security. 8. It is also highlighted that as per the REC Regulations 2022 the registration granted by the Central Agency to the eligible entities shall remain valid for a period of 25 years which will further reduce the fees received towards the revalidation of registration charges. 9. The proposal also includes fees and charges for accreditation by RLDCs as per the Regulations 6 (2) of the REC Regulations 2022 for accreditation of eligible entities connected to inter-State transmission system. 10. The Central Agency in its proposal has provided audited accounts of income and expenditure statement and balance sheet pertaining to REC mechanism for FY 2020-21 and FY 2021-22 and highlighted that it has suffered recurrent loss of Rs. 55.86 Lakhs and Rs. 50.09 Lakhs in the previous FY 21 and FY 22 respectively.

Source Link: http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/renewable%20energy%20certificate%20regulations%202022.pdf

Energy Conservation Amendment Bill 2022: It all boils down to targets for industries

Energy Conservation Amendment Bill 2022: It all boils down to targets for industries

Last Updated: Aug 10, 2022

Energy Conservation Amendment

The Energy Conservation Amendment Bill 2022 was introduced in the Lok Sabha August 3, 2022 and passed in the lower house August 8. The bill brings in a list of amendments to the Energy Conservation Act 2001 in order to promote energy efficiency and conservation.

It provides provisions for the regulation of energy consumption by equipment, appliances, buildings and industries. The major amendments proposed are:

  1. Mandating minimum use of non-fossil fuel sources for industries (mining, steel, cement, textile, chemicals and petrochemicals), the transport sector (including railways) and commercial buildings, along with a penalty of up to Rs 10 lakh in case of failure of compliance. It will attract an additional penalty of twice the price of the oil equivalent of energy consumed above the prescribed norm.
  2. The setting up of the carbon-trading market scheme. Carbon credit certificates shall be issued by the central government or any authorised agency to the entities that would need to comply under the scheme. These entities can sell and purchase the certificate based on their requirement.
  3. The inclusion of large residential buildings in the energy conservation code.
  4. The inclusion of energy consumption standards for vehicles and vessels.
  5. The allotment of regulatory powers of State Electricity Regulatory Commissions.
  6. Changes in the governing council of the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE).

The first and second amendments are the ones that would directly affect India’s industrial sector. The government decision to finally bring in targets for non-fossil energy in industry is a good one. But it is not new as many major sectors have already made substantial moves in shifting to renewable energy.

The cement sector has already voluntarily set a target to increase its thermal substitution rate to 25 per cent by 2025 and 30 per cent by 2030 ie using 25 to 30 per cent of alternative fuels for thermal energy demand.

UltraTech Cement, the largest cement-producing company, has already declared a target to scale up their green energy mix to 34 per cent by 2024 and has already achieved a green energy mix of 13 per cent.

Similarly, companies like Tata Steel have already inked an agreement with Tata Power to develop photovoltaic capacities for Tata Steel at Jamshedpur (21.79 Megawatt peak) and Kalinganagar (19.22 MWp). JSW Steel has already contracted one gigawatt of renewable energy, of which 225 MW became operational in April 2022.

The point is that the targets which will be set up for these industrial sectors under this Act should go beyond what the industrial players have already achieved. They should set a high benchmark, unlike how Nationally Determined Contribution targets were watered down post the Prime Minister’s announcement at Glasgow.

The amendments also provides the mandate to industries to buy renewable energy directly. This would help industries accomplish their targets that will be set under this Act. If ambitious targets are put in place, the demand for renewables would also go up.

But some of the major challenges would be the seasonality of renewables (especially solar and wind) ie the peak time of its generation might not meet the peak time of the demand in industries.

This leads to the second issue of not having enough affordable storage technologies, which could balance the demand and supply for all types of industries, especially industries which have continuous operations.

The amendments mention the adaptation of renewable fuels like green hydrogen and green ammonia. Soon, targets might also be set up for usage of green hydrogen and green ammonia in various sectors.

But the government needs to enable some successful research and development and pilots on the ground before setting targets of such fuels for industries. This will bring about a clear picture of their technical and financial feasibility.

The cost of green hydrogen is somewhere between $3.5 and $4.5 per kg and its cost is driven by the price of electrolysers and renewable energy. This cost needs to be brought down to $1 per kg to make it financially viable.

Similarly, biomass has also been mentioned as a clean fuel in the amendments. According to a survey conducted by Delhi-based non-profit Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), the price of biomass has almost doubled since power plants and industries in the National Capital Region (NCR) were mandated to use it as a cleaner fuel.

Its rising price can become an issue in the times ahead. This calls for a price control mechanism to keep it viable in the future.

Currently, power plants in the NCR have also flagged issues in the supply of biomass pellets due to the lack of enough large-scale biomass suppliers. Therefore, the supply chain for biomass needs to strengthened further for it to be set as a target fuel.

Carbon market and penalties

The amendments also propose the setting up of India’s own carbon market scheme. A similar scheme which has set up an energy-based market in India is the perform, achieve and trade (PAT) scheme.

The PAT scheme was brought in to bring energy efficiency in industrial sectors and commercial buildings by the BEE. In case of PAT, ESCerts trading takes place, based on the over-achievement of the given energy reduction target in terms of tonnes of oil equivalent (TOE). ESCerts are similar to carbon certificates that will be sold and purchased under the carbon market scheme.

CSE’s analysis of the PAT scheme for thermal power plants found that the value of one ESCert is very less — Rs 700 — compared to the actual investment of Rs 4,020 that has to be made for reducing energy equal to one TOE.

Hence, the need to reduce their energy consumption by implementing energy efficiency measures becomes unpopular. The carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction achieved for three major sectors — iron and steel, cement and power — in the first two PAT cycles has ranged between four and 12 million tonnes. That too in a span of three years per cycle. This is clearly very low.

Sowmiya Kannapan, programme officer at CSE, said:    

Low CO2 reduction values achieved in the PAT cycles are a clear indication of unambitious targets being set for the sectors under the PAT scheme. Low targets lead to over-achievement and subsequently, surplus of ESCerts, giving a good face value to underachievers in reality.

The introduction of carbon markets in India is a welcome step. But if the scheme is going to follow a pattern similar to PAT, it might end up just providing an escape route mechanism to carbon-intensive industrial sectors, she added.

Avantika Goswami, programme manager at CSE, looked at the global scenario of carbon markets. She said:

A successful carbon market requires a high enough carbon price that will disincentivise polluting behaviour. The global average price today is about $6 per tonne of CO2. China’s new emission trading (ETS) is still operating at about $8.

“The highest has been achieved by the EU ETS of close to $100, a gradual process since its inception in 2005. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, in its 1.5°C report of 2018, estimates that prices need to be at a minimum of $135 per tonne of CO2 to effectively limit global temperature rise to 1.5°C,” Goswami added.

This lays emphasis on planning the carbon market scheme of India in such a way that the value of its carbon certificates is increased and can actually make an impact on the ground.

The penalties mentioned in these amendments of up to Rs 10 lakh, along with an additional penalty of not more than twice the price of the oil equivalent of energy consumed above the prescribed norm, may be apt for industries of a certain scale.

But when it comes to bigger players of this carbon-intensive sector, it may not be stringent enough. To make the penalty mechanism more equitable, it should be based on the profit margins the companies make, rather than the price of the oil. 

Overall, the targets for renewable energy and carbon markets need to be ambitious over and above existing targets set by companies. They need to be binding along with an effective monitoring and reporting system which leaves no space for manipulations and inaccuracy.

The right kind of infrastructural, financial and policy support environment needs to be enabled to view substantial impacts on the ground as an outcome of this amendment bill.


Source Link: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/blog/energy/energy-conservation-amendment-bill-2022-it-all-boils-down-to-targets-for-industries-84252

Policy tweak in the works: Green energy purchases likely to be mandatory

Policy tweak in the works: Green energy purchases likely to be mandatory

Last Updated: May 09, 2022

Policy Tweak In The Works Green Energy Purchases Likely To Be Mandatory

The Union government is planning to amend the Electricity Act and the National Tariff Policy to make it mandatory for electricity distribution companies (discoms) and other bulk buyers to meet their renewable purchase obligations (RPOs), a move that will give a fillip to investments in solar, wind and hydro energy sectors.

The move comes at a time when companies engaged in the renewable power segment have lined massive expansion plans and are looking to raise funds from different sources including domestic banks and financial institutions, overseas banks, capital markets and multilateral institutions.

The plan is also sync with New Delhi’s new commitment to meet half of its energy requirement from renewable sources by 2030.

The RPOs were introduced in 2010 under the Section 86(1) (e) of the Act. Via this section, the Centre urges bulk buyers of power, including discoms to meet a certain percentage of electricity requirements through renewable sources.

But compliance with this norm has been lax, as most state governments haven’t showed a firm resolve to enforce it. While RPO rates among states vary roughly in the 9-17% range, some states including Uttar Pradesh have even waived the penalty for non-compliance.

“Now that India has updated its 2030 commitments under the Paris Agreement, there is more urgency to reduce dependence on coal. Since RPO compliance has been found quite poor, the government is now revising the tariff policy to make them mandatory,” said a Delhi-based executive from the power finance sector.

Some of India’s largest conglomerates are ramping up renewable capacity in the hydro and wind power segments, bankers said. Solar energy has been one of the leading sectors for banks in the last few years in terms of loan demand, but capex demand for hydro and wind segments is starting to firm up now, they added.

“There is a clear push from the government in favour of renewable sources. We are seeing strong demand for hydro projects in the states where it is viable, and that includes Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu & Kashmir and the northeastern states,” said a senior executive with a large public-sector bank.

Historically, the exposure of the banking sector to alternative sources of energy has been limited. According to a March 2022 paper by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) researchers, as of March 2020, only about 8% of the bank credit deployed in the electricity industry was towards non-conventional energy production. The ratio varied from 17% in Punjab to a measly 0.1% in Odisha. The share of non-conventional energy in utility sector credit was higher for private banks at 14.8%, as against only 5.2% in public sector banks (PSBs).

Of late though, thermal power has been losing favour with banks and the lending taking place in the coal-based power segment is largely in the form of refinance transactions. Bankers are also wary of coal-based projects from an asset quality standpoint after the grim experience of the last bad loan cycle. A number of thermal power plants financed in the late 2000s went bad in the absence of power purchase agreements.

State Bank of India (SBI) is now closely assessing its exposure to thermal power projects. “The life cycle of coal projects could be anywhere between 20 and 30 years. So we need to ask ourselves whether such projects could become a threat to India’s global sustainability commitments and, in turn, create asset quality issues for us,” said a senior executive with the bank.

The government had, in 2020, launched the Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) scheme as a market instrument to facilitate compliance with RPO targets. Under the scheme, buyers of conventional power such as discoms and corporate entities who fall short of meeting their RPO targets can buy RECs on the exchanges from registered RE power producers. However, higher prices on the exchanges and regulatory uncertainties have made project developers reluctant to register under the scheme. Also, buyers have started to enter into individual contracts with developers at lower prices compared to exchange rates. So, a mere 4526 MW or 4%of the installed renewable energy capacity stands registered under the scheme as of December, 2021.

In the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) held in Glasgow in November last year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that India will reduce the total projected carbon emissions by one billion tonne till 2030. By 2030, the country will reduce the carbon intensity of its economy by less than 45%, he said.

With inputs from Vikas Srivastava in Mumbai

Source Link: https://www.financialexpress.com/industry/policy-tweak-in-the-works-green-energy-purchases-likely-to-be-mandatory/2516848/

Karnataka Reissues Draft Renewable Energy Policy for 2021-2026 With Reduced Targets

Karnataka Reissues Draft Renewable Energy Policy for 2021-2026 With Reduced Targets

Last Updated: OCTOBER 26, 2021

Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited (KREDL) has reissued the ‘Draft Karnataka Renewable Energy Policy 2021-2026″ to develop 10 GW of renewable energy projects with and without energy storage.

According to the policy draft, of the 10 GW of renewable energy projects, 1 GW will be rooftop solar. The policy also has several targets to create a more conducive ecosystem for renewable energy growth in the state.

Earlier in March 2021, KREDL issued the ‘Draft Renewable Energy Policy 2021-2026’ to develop 20 GW of renewable projects with and without energy storage. Of this target, 2 GW was set aside for rooftop solar.

KREDL will be the state nodal agency for implementing this policy. The policy will be valid for five years or until a new policy is announced.

Policy objectives 

 With this policy, the nodal agency aims to attract investments in the renewable energy sector and tap into the state’s existing renewable energy resources to meet internal demand and export power. It also seeks to achieve the state electricity regulatory commissions’ renewable purchase obligations (RPO) targets.

The policy targets developing renewable and hybrid energy parks and encourage participation in green energy corridors or transmission network projects. The policy also aims at promoting distributed generation through agriculture solarization and increasing electric vehicle adoption.

The nodal agency has also set goals to develop the energy storage market and integrate more renewable energy into the grid. It also aims to promote the development of wind-solar hybrid projects, floating solar projects on existing hydropower stations, biomass, and waste-to-energy projects.

The policy promotes renewable projects with storage systems as the demand increased for round-the-clock (RTC) supply, peak power supply, higher availability, and bundling of renewable energy with thermal power for RTC supply.

Focus markets

KREDL has focused on 11 key markets, including green energy corridor, renewable energy parks, solar projects, wind projects, solar-wind hybrid projects, energy storage, biomass, co-generation projects, waste-to-energy, mini, and small hydro projects, and new initiatives, as well as pilot projects research and development.

Under the new initiatives and pilot project section, new technologies of off-shore wind, tidal, wave energy, rooftop aero turbine with solar, aero turbine on highways, concentrated solar power, hydrogen fuel cells, and bio-compressed natural gas will be supported. It will also encourage renewable energy-related research and development activities.

Incentives for focus markets

Renewable energy developers can sell power to distribution companies or consumers under open access through captive or group captive models and energy exchanges. The developers can sell energy within and outside the state to promote intrastate and inter-state transmission system (ISTS) projects. However, there will be no banking facility for renewable energy projects implemented under the ISTS category.

Obligated entities are encouraged to set up renewable energy projects in the state to fulfill their non-solar and solar RPO targets.

In addition, all renewable energy projects will be treated as a manufacturing industry. Therefore, they will be eligible for concessions and incentives as applicable to the manufacturing industry mentioned in the state industrial policy.

The policy proposes providing project developers approval for transmission evacuation from Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation (KPTCL) within 60 days from receipt of requisite documents for registration.

Modules used in these solar projects should comply with the Approved List of Models and Manufacturers (ALMM).

Additional policy measures 

The state government encourages private sector investments and public-private partnerships to develop renewable energy parks and green energy corridors. It will promote renewable energy parks under the public-private partnership model by investing up to 50% equity.

According to the policy draft, the minimum capacity of each renewable energy park should be over 25 MW, and the maximum capacity should be as per the guidelines of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE).

There will be no minimum capacity limit for the allotment of captive or group captive projects. If solar developers set up projects on canal top, they will be eligible for incentives as per the MNRE guidelines.

Solar projects installed within premises and connected to the grid interface of DISCOM or KPTCL will not be allowed for a net-metering facility under the revised policy.

The state will also promote rooftop solar projects through net metering and gross metering per the Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission’s regulations. It will also encourage the peer-to-peer model of rooftop solar energy trading as per the guidelines of the state regulatory commission. In addition, the policy will also support off-grid solar, distributed agricultural solar, and floating solar projects.

 Project Allotment

KREDL has also mentioned the procedure for applying for projects and land allotments to set up renewable energy projects.

Solar projects with or without trackers are allowed a maximum of 3.5 acres per MW, while rooftop solar projects are permitted 100 square feet/kW. In the earlier draft, KREDL has allowed a maximum of 3 acres of land per MW for solar projects without a tracker. Wind projects are allowed 4 acres of land per wind turbine generator, and the developer should pay ₹50,000 (~$666)/acre for any additional land requirement. Earlier, wind projects were allowed 2.5 acres of land per wind turbine generator.

Per the guidelines, solar, wind, hybrid, biomass, co-generation, and waste-to-energy projects should be commissioned within two years. They can be extended up to an additional two years. However, time extension fees will be applicable in these cases. Mini and small hydro projects must be commissioned within three years and extended up to additional two years.

According to Mercom’s India Solar Project Tracker, Karnataka is the second largest state for solar installations, with a cumulative installed capacity of 7.7 GW. It has been the top solar state since 2018, with nearly 20% of the cumulative large-scale solar installations in the country.

Rajasthan overtook Karnataka at the end of Q3 2021, with 8.2 GW of cumulative solar installations.

Subscribe to Mercom’s real-time Regulatory Updates to ensure you don’t miss any critical updates from the renewable industry.

Source Link: https://mercomindia.com/karnataka-reissues-draft-renewable-energy-policy/