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Last Updated:  8 February 2024

In a recent announcement, the Union Minister for New & Renewable Energy and Power disclosed a remarkable surge in India’s solar power capacity. According to the latest figures, the country’s installed solar power capacity has soared from 2.82 GW as of March 31, 2014, to an impressive 73.32 GW by December 31, 2023. This significant increase underscores India’s steadfast commitment to expanding its renewable energy portfolio and reducing dependence on traditional fossil fuels.

The details of state-wise installation of solar power capacity under the National Solar Mission, is given below.

State-wise installed capacity of Solar Power (as on 31.12.2023)

S. No. STATES / UTs Solar Power Capacity in MW
1 Andhra Pradesh                                         4565.60
2 Arunachal Pradesh                                            11.79
3 Assam                                          155.81
4 Bihar                                          223.54
5 Chhattisgarh                                       1072.24
6 Goa                                            35.76
7 Gujarat                                      10549.07
8 Haryana                                        1240.47
9 Himachal Pradesh                                          111.55
10 Jammu & Kashmir                                            54.98
11 Jharkhand                                          121.77
12 Karnataka                                         9412.71
13 Kerala                                          859.01
14 Ladakh                                             7.80
15 Madhya Pradesh                                       3170.05
16 Maharashtra                                       5080.28
17 Manipur                                           13.04
18 Meghalaya                                            4.19
19 Mizoram                                          30.43
20 Nagaland                                            3.17
21 Odisha                                        473.03
22 Punjab                                      1266.55
23 Rajasthan                                    18777.14
24 Sikkim                                            4.69
25 Tamil Nadu                                       7360.94
26 Telangana                                       4712.98
27 Tripura                                          18.47
28 Uttar Pradesh                                      2740.87
29 Uttarakhand                                        575.53
30 West Bengal                                        194.06
31 Andaman & Nicobar                                          29.91
32 Chandigarh                                          64.05
33 Dadar & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu                                         46.47
34 Delhi                                       237.29
35 Lakshadweep                                           4.97
36 Puducherry                                          43.27
37 Others                                          45.01
  Total (MW)                                    73318.49

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy is implementing Rooftop Solar (RTS) Programme Phase-II, wherein, Central Financial Assistance (CFA) is being provided for the installation of RTS in the Residential sector only, including Residential Welfare Association (RWA)/Group Housing Society (GHS). The Programme envisages the installation of 4,000 MW of RTS capacity in the residential sector till 31.03.2026. CFA is not available for other categories i.e. institutional, educational, social, government, commercial, and industrial sectors as the beneficiaries in these sectors are high tariff-paying consumers and adoption of solar would be economically beneficial for them even without CFA.

India’s solar energy potential has been unveiled to be a staggering 748 GWp (Giga Watt peak). This estimate, furnished by the National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE), draws upon data from the Waste Land Atlas of India 2010. The revelation of such immense solar potential underscores India’s capability to harness renewable resources on a grand scale. Detailed state-wise breakdowns accompanying this revelation provide further insight into the distributed nature of this vast energy resource.

STATE/UT-WISE DETAILS OF SOLAR POTENTIAL

Sl. No. Name of State/UT Solar Potential (MWp)
1 Andhra Pradesh 38440
2 Arunachal Pradesh 8650
3 Assam 13760
4 Bihar 11200
5 Chhattisgarh 18270
6 Goa 880
7 Gujarat 35770
8 Haryana 4560
9 Himachal Pradesh 33840
10 Jammu & Kashmir 111050
11 Jharkhand 18180
12 Karnataka 24700
13 Kerala 6110
14 Madhya Pradesh 61660
15 Maharashtra 64320
16 Manipur 10630
17 Meghalaya 5860
18 Mizoram 9090
19 Nagaland 7290
20 Orissa 25780
21 Punjab 2810
22 Rajasthan 142310
23 Sikkim 4940
24 Tamil Nadu 17670
25 Telangana 20410
26 Tripura 2080
27 Uttar Pradesh 22830
28 Uttarakhand 16800
29 West Bengal 6260
30 Delhi 2050
31 Others (UTs) 790
  Total 748990.00= 748 GWp

State-wise funds released for the development of solar energy sector in the last financial year is given below.

THE DETAILS OF FUND RELEASED IN LAST FINANCIAL YEAR

(Rs in crores)

SL.NO. State 2022-23
1 Andhra Pradesh 68.96
2 Arunachal Pradesh 9.30
3 Assam 14.02
4 Chandigarh 0.73
5 Chhattisgarh 13.54
6 Delhi 10.07
7 Gujarat 1114.65
8 Haryana 118.18
9 Himachal Pradesh 15.73
10 Jammu & Kashmir 27.98
11 Jharkhand 40.64
12 Karnataka 90.98
13 Kerala 89.71
14 Ladakh 125.00
15 Madhya Pradesh 170.14
16 Maharashtra 304.58
17 Mizoram 1.29
18 Nagaland 6.37
19 Odisha 26.70
20 Punjab 55.93
21 Rajasthan 258.84
22 Tamil Nadu 10.98
23 Telangana 42.81
24 Tripura 0.12
25 Uttarakhand 8.33
26 Uttar Pradesh 74.32
27 West Bengal 4.71
28 Others (CEL, REL, NABARD, Regional Rural Banks, NGOs, etc.) and other Channel Partners 17.71
Total 2722.32

As on 31-12-2023, 51 Solar Parks with an aggregate capacity of 37,740 MW have been sanctioned in 12 States in the country since launch of the Scheme i.e. December 2014. An aggregate capacity of 10,504 MW of solar projects have been commissioned in 20 Solar Parks, so far. The State wise details are given below.

Details of Solar Parks sanctioned and projects commissioned State-wise

(as on 31-12-2023)

Sl. No. State Number of Parks Sanctioned Capacity (MW) Projects commissioned (in MW)
1 Andhra Pradesh 5 4200 3050
2 Chhattisgarh 1 100 28
3 Gujarat 7 12150 900
4 Jharkhand 3 1089 0
5 Karnataka 2 2500 2000
6 Kerala 2 155 100
7 Madhya Pradesh 8 4180 1000
8 Maharashtra 3 1000 0
9 Mizoram 1 20 20
10 Odisha 3 340 0
11 Rajasthan 9 8276 3065
12 Uttar Pradesh 7 3730 341
Total 51 37740 10504

Year-wise installed capacity from the year 2019-20 to 2023-24 (up to Dec 2023) is given below.

Year-wise Solar Power installed capacity from the year 2019-20 to 2023-24 (up to December 2023)

S.N. Year  Added capacity(MW) Cumulative Solar Capacity Installed (MW)
1 2019-20 6510 35607
2 2020-21 5629 41236
3 2021-22 12761 53997
4 2022-23 12784 66781
5 2023-24 (up to Dec 2023) 6538 73319 

The Government has set a target of achieving 500 GW of installed capacity from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030, in line with the Prime Minister’s announcement at COP-26, held in Glasgow. State-wise targets for this goal have not been set.

Source: https://solarquarter.com/2024/02/08/indias-solar-power-surge-state-wise-progress-potential-and-targets/